REVEREND MOON'S CENTRAL ROLE IN PEACEFUL DOWNFALL OF COMMUNISM:
The American journalist Georgie Anne Geyer was stunned to observe such developments, and she wrote an article commenting on the April 1990 Moscow Novosti-World Media Conference program:
"Of all the impossible events that have occurred in the Soviet Union in the last five years, probably none has been as unlikely as the happy meeting in recent days between Mikhail Gorbachev and the Rev. Sun Myung Moon. The Moscow News called Mr. Moon 'the most brilliant anti-communist and the No. 1 enemy of the state'–and then added, please, that it was 'time to reconcile.'”
WHY COMMUNISM ENDED
When historians make a final analysis of why communism came to an end, they will recognize that no single person did more than Reverend Sun Myung Moon to bring about the peaceful end of communism. Reverend Moon's works covered a spectrum of major activities in education, culture, conferences, rallies and the media. The programs were worldwide including Korea, Japan, the United States and Latin America.
From the beginning of his public mission Reverend Moon called communism “one of God’s three great headaches.” Therefore, in the 1950s, in circumstances of extreme poverty in a war-torn nation, he began tireless, intensive work to personally solve this major headache of God.
Reverend Moon knew communism first-hand, having begun his ministry in communist North Korea, where he was arrested for religious work by the communist government, tortured severely, finally convicted and imprisoned in a communist concentration camp for almost three years.
Although suffering the worst kind of treatment from the communist system, Reverend Moon deeply loved his communist captors and torturers. Likewise, in addressing the problem of communism, Reverend Moon always taught people to love the people of communism and to bring about the end of communism by teaching that their Marxist/Leninist ideology was fatally flawed and could never bring about the ideal world.
Reverend Moon predicted the downfall of communism, publically saying that it could not prosper beyond its 70th year. And indeed, by its 70th year in 1987, it was it was fast disintegrating, although few in the West were aware of that.
In 1985, at the seeming height of the Soviet Empire, Reverend Moon funded a controversial conference in Geneva, Switzerland, entitled “The End of the Soviet Empire.” It was attended by expert Sovietologists. In hindsight, this groundbreaking conference is now regarded as brilliant and seminal.
This website includes a partial list of more than thirty years of focused work--education, conferences, rallies, coalition work, a major US newspaper, magazines and even a children’s dance troupe--all to bring about the peaceful downfall of communism.
Reverend Moon's Work for the Peaceful End of Communism in Korea
Reverend Moon's Work for the Peaceful End of Communism in Korea
Highlights in Korea:
- The Little Angels World-famous Korean children’s dance troupe
- A comprehensive critique of Marxism-Leninism
- International Federation for Victory over Communism (IFVOC) with 4 million members in Korea and a branch in Japan
- Educational programs offering a critique of Marxism-Leninism
- A 1.2 million IFVOC rally in Korea in 1975
1960s: In the early 1960s, after having established the Unification Church's spiritual roots in Korea, Reverend Moon, with the collaboration of Dr. Sang Hun Lee, formalized his comprehensive analysis of Marxist-Leninist ideology. Reverend Moon devoted special attention to the practical implications of Marxism-Leninism's militantly atheistic position, the point de départ of his opposition to communism.
In 1968 he founded the International Federation for Victory over Communism (IFVOC) in Korea. That organization's membership reached over 4 million in Korea. In the early 1960s, Reverend Moon gathered donations from his impoverished church to create a world-class Korean children's folkloric dance troupe. His vision was that this dance troupe would be charming traveling ambassadors, creating international good will for South Korea in case it was attacked by North Korea. While it looked like a crazy idea at the time, the dance troupe quickly became the world famous and critcally acclaimed Little Angels and indeed traveled the world in the 1960s and 1970s, delighting international audiences in dozens of countries and meeting with the highest level world leaders, including Britain's Queen Elizabeth.
1970s: By 1970 Moon had set up training centers on his critique and counterproposal to communism in various parts of Korea. These centers conducted three and four-day programs explaining and critiquing communism for hundreds of thousands of Korean college students, teachers, army officers, police officers and civic leaders. For more than two decades, IFVOC provided orientation programs on Marxism-Leninism to all sectors of Korean society.
1975: In the spring 1975, it was discovered that North Korea had constructed not one but several complete tunnels under the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) that separates North and South Korea. The discovery of the tunnels, wide enough to facilitate the entry of whole divisions of the North Korean army into the South, led South Korean President Park Chung Hee to declare a national state of emergency. As a way to demonstrate South Korean and international commitment to resisting an unprovoked attack upon the South, IFVOC sponsored a special rally on Seoul's Yoido Island on June 7, 1975. Rally participants totaled more than 1.2 million, and Reverend Moon personally addressed the audience. The rally participants included Unification members from more than sixty countries who came as a show of their commitment to protecting the South from a North Korean invasion.
1980s: During the years of the Cold War, Reverend Moon's IFVOC consistently responded to any indication of an effort underway in the North to exploit political or economic turmoil in the South. Frequently this was done through conducting nationwide rallies calling for national unity. One such campaign, the Nationwide Campaign of Determination to Win Over Communism, took place in December 1983. This campaign was motivated by the Soviet Union's shooting down of KAL flight 007 in September 1983 and an unprovoked North Korean assault on several South Korean government officials in Rangoon, Burma, that resulted in the deaths of several officials. Central to the 1983 rallies was the active participation of a delegation of 70 international scholars from the Professors World Peace Academy (PWPA), an international association of academics founded by Reverend Moon in the early 1970s.
Reverend Moon's Work for the Peaceful End of Communism in Japan
Highlights in Japan:
- IFVOC formation and cooperation with the World Anticommuist League
- 1970 25,000 people attend the World Anticommunist League convention in Tokyo
- Ideological debates with communists on university campuses
- Defeat of communists elected to municipal government
1960s: In the late 1960s, Reverend Moon initiated IFVOC activities in Japan. In the decades following World War II, Japanese university students had become sharply divided on whether or not to support the presence of American military forces in Japan. The continuing American oversight of the Japanese island of Okinawa was especially divisive. Strong alliances were formed between Japan's radical Red Army and North Korea, with the Red Army establishing a headquarters in Pyongyang. North Korea had significant support in Japan because of the hundreds of thousands of Korean residents in Japan, known as the Chosoren, who maintained strong family, political, and economic ties to North Korea. In the late 1960s the IFVOC began to challenge student radicals by conducting public lectures on Marxism on university campuses. On more than one occasion, IFVOC members were attacked by Japanese leftist militants or by North Korean sympathizers.
1970s: IFVOC gained national prominence in Japan in October 1970 when the Japanese chapter of IFVOC was invited to serve as the chief organizer of the World Anticommunist League's (WACL) world congress in Tokyo. The Congress was attended by over twenty-five thousand delegates from around the world. Witnessing the success of the event, WACL invited IFVOC to assume full responsibility for WACL activities in Japan and IFVOC soon gained prominence as the most important anticommunist organization in Japan.
Japanese IFVOC officials point out that in the 1970s, many communists and communist sympathizers began to be elected to public office in Japan. Japan Communist Party chairman Kenji Miyamoto is said to have boasted, "We are on our way to controlling a federation of democratic governments."
In 1978 IFVOC conducted a massive educational campaign in the imperial city of Kyoto, which served as Japan's capital from the Heian to the Tokugawa eras. The IFVOC educational effort was credited with having helped to change public opinion about communism and contributed to the defeat of the communist-led city government of Kyoto. Japanese IFVOC officials have noted that, from that time on, the communist hold of Japanese municipalities collapsed in one city after another. Reverend Moon's IFVOC played an important role in turning the tide. It also played a key role in the drafting and passage of legislation designed to protect the country from communist-bloc espionage; the lack of such legislation had been a major blind spot in Japan and in East Asian regional security. It had contributed to Japan serving as a thoroughfare where Soviet and Chinese agents could get easy access to the Free World's latest technological advances.
1980s: During the 1970s and 1980s the Japanese IFVOC movement began to issue formal invitations to the Japanese Communist Party to join them in a public debate on Marxist theory. They did so on more than fifty occasions. The communists rejected all such invitations. Japanese IFVOC officials point out that Reverend Moon's critique of Marxism was so effective that, to counter it, the Party was forced to rewrite their textbook, The Book of Communism. Even then, their patchwork apologia and addenda proved so inadequate that the Japanese Communist Party soon stopped printing it altogether.
Reverend Moon's Work for the Peaceful End of Communism in North and South America
HIGHLIGHTS in the USA:
- 1969 Freedom Leadership Foundation founded. A foundation to educate the American public about the dangers of communism through publications, rallies and seminars.
- 1973: The Rising Tide newspaper with news and analysis about the dangers of communism. (The “Rising Tide” meant the tide was turning against communism, a nearly preposterous proclamation in the early 1970s.)
- 1973: Communism: Critique and Counterproposal, the first English-language translation of IFVOC material, was published
- 1973-74: Evangelical Tours in 21 and 50 stages by Reverend Moon to Wake Up America
The News World, New York daily newspaper: 1976
- 1983: CAUSA USA seminars and educational activities begin.
- 1984: The Washington Times is founded in the nation’s capital, becoming the capital’s second largest daily newspaper, read daily by President Ronald Reagan.
- The Washington Times: Initiative to support the Nicaraguan Contras
- The Washington Times: Strategic Defense Initiative
- World Media Association
- WashingtonTimes makes worldwide impact
Overview of Reverend Moon's Activities in the United States for the Downfall of CommunismReverend Moon's American VOC activities began in the United States with the creation of the Freedom Leadership Foundation (FLF) in 1969. With its headquarters in Washington, D.C., FLF conducted seminars on Marxism and organized rallies and demonstrations exposing and denouncing human rights violations behind the Iron Curtain. The FLF published texts critical of communism. One of them, Communism: Promises and Practice (1973), detailed the flagrant gaps between official Soviet policies of equality and economic justice and the reality of the emergence of a new class in the U.S.S.R. and in other communist countries, which thrived at the expense of the remaining population. Communism: Critique and Counterproposal, the first English translation of IFVOC material, was published in the United States in 1973.
A Rarity: An American bi-weekly Anti-Communist Newspaper, The Rising Tide: FLF also published a bi-weekly anti-communist newspaper named,The Rising Tide, referring to the tide of history that Reverend Moon was confident would flow against communisn. The paper was widely distributed in Washington and made available in Washington newsstands. The Tide's reading audience included U.S. Congressmen and their staff. Throughout the Vietnam conflict, the FLF argued in favor of continuing the American military presence in Southeast Asia, warning that a reversal of U.S. foreign policy would have a most adverse result.
CAUSA in the United StatesAfter working in his native Korea from 1950 to 1971, Moon came to the United States. It had become evident to him that the only political, economic, and military power capable of confronting the threat of world communism was the United States. The bad name that McCarthyism had given to opposition to communism (which the Left quickly seized upon to dismiss the validity of any criticism of communism) caused important sectors of American society to have reservations about confronting communism; the American establishment had become "anti-anti-communist."
In the 1980s CAUSA International began to have a growing presence in North America and then in Western Europe. Beginning in 1983, the United States became the central focus for CAUSA activities. The CAUSA Lecture Manual was published in English in 1985. It served as a teaching aid for CAUSA activists around the world, and it was supplemented by twelve one-hour slide presentations, covering each aspect of Marxist theory as well as Reverend Moon's critique and counterproposal.
Unlike any other country, the United States was equipped with the economic, political and military resources to confront communism and hasten its demise. Reverend Moon recognized, however, that by the late 1960s America lacked the vision and willpower needed to take a public stance against communism's advocacy of atheism. He felt called to reawaken America to her responsibility to liberate the communist world. In critiquing communism, Reverend Moon emphasized that the fundamental ideological flaw was not politics, economics or human rights. The fundamental issue, as CAUSA materials expressed it, was "God or no God." If God existed, then because of its militant atheism, communism had to be false. Reverend Moon taught that America, because of her religiously inspired founding, had a responsibility to speak out against communist atheism.
CAUSA, along with The News World, The Washington Times, the Professors World Peace Academy, the Collegiate Association for the Research of Principles, and the International Federation for the Victory over Communism, numbered among the important institutions launched by Reverend Moon to address the demise of classical American values and the danger of communist expansionism.
Ambassador Phillip Sanchez, who had served as Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity under President Richard Nixon and later served as U.S. Ambassador to Colombia and to Honduras, became the President of CAUSA USA. He became an effective host and master of ceremonies for the scores of CAUSA USA seminars conducted between 1984 and 1992. Dr. Ronald Godwin, a key aide to the Reverend Jerry Falwell, assumed a major role in the Washington Times Corporation during this period, and Mr. Arnaud de Borchgrave, former Newsweek Senior Editor, assumed the role of Editor-in-Chief at the Washington Times. Inspired by clergymen and loyal citizens, hundreds of state legislators also began to attend CAUSA Conferences in 1985.
Many of these legislators later served as members of the Advisory Committee of the American Leadership Conference. Speakers at American Leadership Conferences included Paul Laxalt, Jack Kemp, Geraldine Ferraro, Albert Gore, Eugene McCarthy, Charles Grassley, Jeremiah Denton, and many other prominent American leaders.
If the Washington Times and CAUSA still had critics, it is also clear that they had begun to make their way into the American mainstream by the mid-1980s. Supportive, neutral, or in profound disagreement, major American players begun to grapple with the reality that organizations and institutions founded by Reverend Moon were becoming a part of the American religious, philosophical, and sociopolitical landscape. They thus needed to be taken seriously. The media policies pursued by President Ronald Reagan in his efforts to end the Cold War stalemate met opposition and derision in the establishment media, especially when such policies could be viewed as grounds for rekindling hostilities. President Reagan's effort to follow through on President Jimmy Carter's commitment to deploy ground-launched cruise missiles and Pershing II intermediate range missiles in Western Europe resulted in a storm of protests in the media and in Leftist movements in the United States and in Europe. Reagan's advocacy of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) was derisively described as "star wars" in the press and criticized for destabilizing the delicate balance of power between the United States and the Soviet Union. Reagan's description of the Soviet Union as the "Evil Empire" met with decided opposition, as did his support of the Nicaraguan contras.
Recognizing the bias in America's mainstream press, Reverend Moon began his media efforts in the United States in 1976 through creating a small English-language daily newspaper in New York, known first as the News World and later renamed The New York City Tribune. The News World provided the springboard for the eventual creation of the Washington Times in 1982. The print media network created by Reverend Moon, especially the Washington Times, provided a new perspective on international politics. Articles in the Times helped to validate the Reagan Doctrine, which stressed that authoritarian governments, whether Left or Right, had to move toward democratic reform. The Reagan administration tied continuing U.S. foreign aid to a requirement that said governments demonstrably commit themselves to a democratic trajectory.
Of the media projects undertaken by Reverend Moon in the United States including The New York City Tribune (1976), New York's Spanish language newspaper Noticias del Mundo (1980), The Washington Times (1982), and Insight Magazine (1985), the founding of The Washington Times had the greatest significance. The Times broke key news stories on Soviet bloc operations that were initially disregarded by the establishment media. It has been said that The Washington Times brought to the front pages what newspapers such as The New York Times and The Washington Post chose to bury on back pages.5 The Times highlighted Soviet, Cuban, and Sandinista human rights violations, did expansive features on the public relations and lobbying activities of left-leaning organizations such as the Christic Institute and the Institute for Policy Studies.
It frequently reported on the Soviets' nuclear build-up and theirsizeable military and logistic aid to national liberation movements in Asia, Latin America and Africa. Coverage by the Times of Nicaragua, Mikhail Gorbachev's 1987 visit to Washington, and the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) had special pertinence.
Washington Times Nicaragua Intiative
The Washington Times' investigations and reportage lent credence to executive and legislative efforts to support the Nicaraguan Resistance in their efforts to derail that country's move into the Soviet-Cuban sphere of influence. For example, from April 8 to 12, 1985, just prior to a crucial Congressional vote on providing support to the Nicaraguan contras, the Times ran a five-part exposé on how Leftist grassroots networks were pressuring the U.S. Congress to abandon the freedom fighters. When on April 24, 1985 the U.S. Congress voted down a bill to provide $14,000,000 in humanitarian aid to the Nicaraguan resistance, dealing a major geopolitical setback to the Reagan administration, The Washington Times took the U.S. Congress to task, announcing on May 6, 1985 its establishment of an infrastructure to seek private humanitarian funding for the contras.
The Times also announced its decision to provide the first $100,000 seed money for the project. Co-chaired by Jeane Kirkpatrick, William Simon, Midge Decter and Michael Novak, the Times-initiated Nicaraguan Freedom Fund became national news—much to the discomfiture of those members of Congress who thought that they had successfully ended U.S. support of the Nicaraguan Resistance.. In its news coverage, the Times contrasted the Congressional negative vote with Sandinista President Daniel Ortega's trip following the vote to Moscow on April 28-29, 1985. The purpose of Ortega's visit, the Times revealed, was to secure additional Soviet military aid. The Times also reported on new shipments of Soviet military supplies to Nicaragua. The Times' strong focus continued. The Congress reversed its position in June of the same year, resulting in a new $27,000,000 commitment of humanitarian assistance to the Nicaraguan Resistance. The June vote marked the turning point for Resistance proponents. From that point, the U.S. Congress regularly supported humanitarian aid for those opposing Sandinista rule.
American aid to the Contras, as well as the provision of Stinger missiles to the Mujahadeen in Afghanistan, which The Washington Times also strongly supported, were decisive factors in the eventual wearing down of the Sandinistas in Nicaragua and in the Soviet decision to abandon Afghanistan.
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
On November 1, 1983 The Washington Times did a high profile, full-color article on a space-based anti-missile system, which the Reagan administration had spearheaded. It had high praise for the effort and for one of the project's key supporters, Lieutenant General Daniel O. Graham. In its editorial policy, the Times consistently and rigorously advocated the system's development. Indeed, when President Reagan unveiled SDI in a March 23, 1983 television address, the Times editorialized that this address was "maybe President Reagan's best ever." The March 23 editorial went on to confirm that the idea of a space-based shield has "had our interest and support for months." The editorial also cited SDI potential leverage in future arms negotiations with the Soviets.
This advocacy can be contrasted with the position of The New York Times, which strongly called for restraints on SDI's development. Reflecting the debate of the time, The New York Times further denigrated both the program and Reagan's position on its development and deployment with such terminology as "a pipe dream, a projection of fantasy into politics," "science fiction," and "dangerous folly," and concluded that Reagan had left listeners with the impression that SDI is "a harebrained adventure that will induce a ruinous race in both offensive and defensive arms."
Regardless of the outcomes of the internal debate on SDI's efficacy, the fact remains that President Reagan's unswerving commitment to this program (and the strong support for his position by The Washington Times) played a pivotal role in leading the Soviet Union to abandon the possibility of achieving nuclear superiority or a stand-off vis-à-vis the United States. This change in attitude by the Soviet Union, more than anything else, led to the end of the Cold War.
Mikhail Gorbachev and The Washington Times
In November 1987, The Washington Times ignited a nationwide controversy that resulted in rescinding plans to have Mikhail Gorbachev be the first communist leader ever invited to address a joint session of Congress. This privilege had previously only been extended to foreign dignitaries who were strong allies of the United States such as Lafayette, Winston Churchill, Margaret Thatcher and Francois Mitterand. Nonetheless, the White House and Democratic congressional leaders apparently had negotiated behind the scenes to afford this honor to President Gorbachev on December 9 during the 1987 Reagan-Gorbachev Summit in Washington, D.C.
The Washington Times' breaking of this story (first broached on November 13 and headlined on November 17), and the Times' follow-up coverage and editorials reminding readers of Gorbachev's continuing support of the presence of Soviet troops in Afghanistan, helped to generate concern and outrage among conservative lawmakers. The swelling chorus of opposition led the White House and the congressional supporters of the invitation to begin backpedaling by November 20 and to abandon plans for the address on November 22. Four months later, President Gorbachev announced that Soviet troops would be withdrawn from Afghanistan.
The Washington Times' International Impact
That The Washington Times would be able to play such a pronounced role in the Cold War was intuited by some affected parties from the newspaper's inception. In 1982 neither the Soviet nor the Chinese governments allowed the Times to open news bureaus in their capitals. The American radical left newsletter Overthrow in its June/July 1982 issue called for sabotage of The Washington Times , and the Times was subjected to frontal attacks in pro-communist publications such as Covert Action and CounterSpy. On the other hand, it was reported that Ronald Reagan made it a daily practice to make The Washington Times the first paper that he read every morning. The Washington Times was directly credited with certain of President Reagan's responses to critical issues, including the 1985 forced landing and apprehension of the Palestinian terrorists responsible for the hijacking of the luxury ocean-liner Achille Lauro and for the cold-blooded murder of American businessman Leon Klinghoffer.
The Washington Times influenced reporting practices and news coverage worldwide, even in communist and frontline countries. In 1988 Nobel peace laureate Oscar Sanchez Arias, then president of Costa Rica, a nation with a border on Sandinista-controlled Nicaragua, told the American Society of Newspaper Editors that Costa Rican newspapers depended on The Washington Times for news of their world. He went on to say that the only American newspaper Costa Rican citizens know exists is The Washington Times, and that if Costa Rican newspapers published something from the U.S. it was from the Times. In 1990, future Nicaraguan President Violeta Chamorro Barrios, owner of Nicaraguan independent newspaper La Prensa, the only daily newspaper which dared to defy Nicaragua's Sandinista government, confided to The New York Times' editorial board that the Sandinistas themselves regarded The Washington Times as "the newspaper of the Nicaraguan opposition." Washington Times Editor-in-Chief Arnaud de Borchgrave informed American Leadership Conference attendees in 1988 that by that time, The Washington Times served as the source for more than half of all the news stories broadcasted into the Soviet Union and its satellites via Radio Free Europe and Voice of America.
The World Media AssociationFrom the creation of the News World in 1976 it was always the case that Reverend Moon hoped not only to create an alternative media but also to foster fundamental changes in media ethics across the board. In 1978 the World Media Association (WMA) was created by Reverend Moon to emphasize the media's responsibility to cover news stories based on a commitment to fairness and objectivity. Throughout the 1980s and the early 1990s the World Media Association (WMA) organized fact finding tours to the world's hot spots, providing journalists from a wide range of publications with first-hand exposure to the vortices of the Cold War.
In 1983 WMA brought 155 journalists, from 55 countries, to visit sites on the border of Nicaragua and Honduras, including refugee camps and the roadway known as "Blood Alley." Two days after the Media Association tour was completed, Blood Alley was the site where Sandinista solders killed two American journalists. Journalists were also brought to Europe in 1983 by WMA to have an opportunity to witness and cover the European Nuclear Freeze Movement. They observed the October 22 massive demonstration in Bonn against NATO's planned deployment of Euromissiles. During the same tour, a side visit to East Berlin by the WMA allowed journalists to observe a plethora of East German posters opposing the deployment of US cruise missiles but a total absence of any criticism toward the presence of Soviet SS 20s on East German territory.
In 1984, WMA sponsored a journalist fact-finding tour focusing on the Southeast Asia front lines, including a trek inside communist Kampuchea to meet with leaders of the Khmer People's National Liberation Front who were resisting the large Vietnamese military presence in their country. Other fact-finding trips included encounters with leaders of RENAMO (Mozambique), UNITA (Angola), SWAPO (Namibia) and Solidarity (Poland). The WMA tours, which normally included meetings with heads of state and detailed government briefings, provided journalists access to first-hand information on the status of communism, largely validating the salience of the Reagan Doctrine.
The International Security Council
In 1984 the International Security Council (ISC) was founded under the CAUSA umbrella to conduct research and develop studies aimed at more accurately assessing the military and geopolitical threat posed by the Soviet Union and its ideological and military allies. Led by the late Dr. Joseph Churba, who had served as a member of the National Security Council (NSC) under President Reagan, the ISC gathered top scholars on international security, including Eugene Rostow and Ambassador Charles Lichenstein. ISC monographs had a huge impact among national and international security scholars. Reports from the ISC were monitored at the highest levels of government and detailed security assessments were made by ISC regarding Northeast Asia, the Caribbean, Central America, the Middle East, the North Atlantic, and southern Africa. ISC scholars met regularly with top security experts including those from the Soviet Union and the Peoples Republic of China.
The ISC strongly emphasized the need for the United States to be equipped with the most updated weapons and military technology to contend with the Soviet military threat. The ISC and CAUSA both emphasized the role which strategic international trade and finance policy could play in expanding freedom inside the Soviet Union. Conference speakers such as Russian dissident Mikhail Makarenko and French sovietologist Alain Besançon stressed the alarming extent to which the Soviet Union was being propped up and subsidized by Western banks, which were granting substantial lines of credit to the USSR. CAUSA and ISC lobbied in favor of establishing linkage between the Soviet Union's trade and finance privileges and their human rights record.
The American Leadership Conference
In December 1985 CAUSA began to conduct seminars for state legislators, mayors, and city councilmen in the United States. Over the years, program attendees heard not only from Senators and Congressmen but also from National Security Council member Constantine Menges, National Education Association President Mary Hatwood Futrell and White House spokespersons Mona Charen and Larry Tracy. On a few occasions conference participants were invited to the White House for special briefings.
The American Leadership Conference (ALC), an outgrowth of the initial conference for state legislators, was officially created in 1986. ALC had a bi-partisan invitational committee of some forty state legislators and an advisory board composed of former U.S. Senators, Congressmen, and Governors. By 1989 the American Leadership Conference had won widespread recognition as a uniquely beneficial program for civic and political leaders. Its programs were attended by thousands of state legislators, and every legislator in the United States was provided with a video that summarized the message and work of the ALC. More than 10,000 federal, state, and municipal leaders and prominent community activists participated in American Leadership Conferences between 1986 and 1992.
In 1987 Reverend Moon founded the American Constitution Committee (ACC) to support the field efforts of ALC. In a series of American Leadership Conferences in Washington, Miami, San Francisco, and Denver, ACC conference participants were invited to reflect on and commemorate the two-hundredth anniversary of the drafting of the United States Constitution. By 1988 ACC had set up offices in all fifty states of the Union. The state and regional offices provided local leadership and served as a vehicle through which ALC attendees could apply the principles and ideals of ALC to practical community- and state-level projects and programs. In November 1987, on the seventieth anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution, the ACC conducted public ceremonies in every state to honor and mourn the 150,000,000 victims killed under communist rule.
When Reverend Moon began his ministry in the United States in 1971, many American youth were caught in a morass of moral and ideological confusion, provoked by the sexual revolution and the ongoing controversy surrounding the continued American military presence in Vietnam.
Reverend Moon began his American ministry by attempting to address America's identity and mission. He conducted speaking tours throughout the nation with the explicit purpose of reminding America of her responsibility as the foremost power in the free world and as a world level representative of the Christian tradition.
Reverend Moon addressed crowded audiences in New York's Madison Square Garden, at Yankee Stadium, and at the Washington Monument. He also spoke on three occasions before the U.S. Congress. In his speeches, Reverend Moon spoke of the vision of America's founding fathers and of the need for unity and cooperation between America's civic and religious leaders in addressing the threat of communism. It was not unusual for there to be protests at Reverend Moon's talks and even threats to his security, yet he never missed one of his public speeches.
In his 1973 twenty-one City Speaking Tour in the United States, Reverend Moon stressed that God had chosen America to proclaim the existence of God and stand against communism's atheism Beginning in the 1960s, some Americans had begun to jest about anticommunism. They had also begun to belittle, reinterpret, or deny the nation's founding values. In 1973 with audiences in all fifty states, he shared this appeal. In the speeches he also strongly emphasized the need for Christianity to confront communism and save the American youth from moral corruption. He encouraged churches to work together beyond denomination to address the problems of the nation.
LATIN AMERICA: Reverend Moon's Work for the Peaceful End of Communism in Latin America
Some have criticized Reverend Moon’s organizations, such as CAUSA, for working with right-wing dictatorships in Latin American in the 1970s and 1980s. What is not widely known is that the principal work of CAUSA in Latin America was to persuade these governments to defeat communism through the non-violent method of education–educational programs to show the fatal flaws of Marxism-Leninism and offering a counterproposal based on universally shared religious values. In private talks with strong-arm right wing-governments, CAUSA guided them to use education rather than imprisonment, torture and exile to defeat communism. As a result, a number of countries, including El Salvador, invited CAUSA to offer educational programs for the military and society in general.
Following the Sandinista takeover of Nicaragua in July 1979, Reverend Moon took steps to conduct national, regional, and even hemispheric seminars on Marxism throughout the Americas. In 1980 Reverend Moon officially founded CAUSA International, and Dr. Bo Hi Pak was appointed as President. Dr. Pak, a decorated Korean War veteran, had come to the United States in 1961..
In 1980 CAUSA staff members began to translate and adapt its critique of communism for Spanish-speaking audiences. The first CAUSA text was published in Spanish in 1981. Throughout the 1980s CAUSA conducted hundreds of seminars in Latin America for political, military and civic leaders. By 1983, CAUSA had become well known for its "high tech" presentations, which included an illustrated lecture manual as well as state-of-the art visuals and an 18-projector multi-media presentation on the underpinnings and the practical implications of communist ideology. A significant portion of the adapted educational materials, which CAUSA later used in the United States, was first developed in Spanish.
CAUSA set up regional offices in the Caribbean (the Dominican Republic), the Southern Cone (Uruguay), and in Central America (Honduras). Between 1983 and 1987 CAUSA's Central American office alone conducted more than 120 seminars for tens of thousands of government leaders, scholars, military officers, teachers, students, and peasants. At the request of the Salvadoran government and with their support, CAUSA's Central American director, Mr. Jesus Gonzalez, frequently crossed the lines of guerrilla-controlled territory to conduct seminars on VOC theory for the villages that had come under the control of Marxist insurgents.
Between 1980 and 1990 CAUSA International conducted more than 250 major educational conferences in 40 nations. Most of these conferences lasted for three to four days, and they were attended by over 60,000 government officials and civic leaders. These programs mobilized the support and participation of Latin American Presidents, Vice Presidents, cabinet officers, senators, and other high-ranking officials. By 1985 CAUSA conferences were even being conducted clandestinely inside communist-controlled Nicaragua.
Association for the Unity of Latin America (AULA)
In November 1984 Reverend Moon founded the Association for the Unity of Latin America (AULA) in Cartagena, Colombia, with leaders of various Latin American countries. AULA was founded to promote cooperation and unity among the nations of Latin America. Under the leadership of career diplomat Ambassador Jose Maria Chaves, AULA emphasized the need for greater cooperation among Latin American countries in addressing terrorism, human rights violations, poverty, and authoritarian rule, all of which contributed to communism's expansion.
AULA also helped to further the discourse that led to the creation of the powerful regional customs union MERCOSUR. AULA sponsored the drafting of a constitution for Latin America by constitutional scholars from Latin America and the United States. Reverend Moon argued that unless greater economic unity and cooperation existed among the Latin American nations, the developed world could continue to play one Latin American nation against another in political and economic dealings. Such disadvantageous arrangements engendered resentment and continuing division between the North and South. They also prolonged the existence of socioeconomic conditions that could foster support for communism. Inspired by Simon Bolivar's vision of one America, AULA emphasized that unity must move on from a regional level to reach all of Latin America and eventually the entire hemisphere.
Reverend Moon's Work for the Peaceful End of Communism in Europe
Reverend Moon's Work for the Peaceful End of Communism in Europe
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By the end of 1989, approximately 250,000 leaders worldwide from thirty-three nations had attended CAUSA programs. Videos of the entire CAUSA lecture series were broadcasted nationally in some countries in Latin America.
THE ULTIMATE PRICE:
UNIFICATIONISTS WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES: In the struggle against communism more than twelve Unificationists paid the ultimate price in the 1970s and 1980s.
Reverend Moon's education programs on communism reached the highest echelons of leadership in developed countries. CAUSA also sponsored numerous programs in some of the most impoverished, war-torn parts of the world. In the late 1960s and the early 1970s, following the example of Reverend Moon, who had himself spent four and a half years as a missionary in communist North Korea, Unification Church missionaries began to work underground in every Eastern European country. In the USSR, the church's missionaries were imprisoned, interrogated, tortured, and later deported. Church members were jailed for up to six years in Czechoslovakia, and one female missionary died in prison under very questionable circumstances. Several Unification Church members were executed after the communist takeover of Ethiopia because of their church affiliation.
In October 1987, CAUSA filmmaker Lee Shapiro lost his life in Afghanistan. He had been personally commended by President Ronald Reagan for his film Nicaragua Was Our Home, an award-winning PBS documentary detailing the atrocities committed by the Sandinistas against the Miskito Indians. Shapiro went on to begin his second documentary Against the Empire, which was meant to document the efforts of the Afghan Mujahadeen to resist the Soviet occupation of their homeland. At approximately 7:00 a.m. on October 9, 1987, Lee Shapiro and Jim Lindelof, an American friend who was assisting him with the documentary, were traveling with an Afghan military unit that came under attack from four Soviet helicopter gunships. Both of them were shot from the air by the Soviets. Lindelof was killed instantly; Shapiro, badly wounded, was finished off by a Soviet soldier when the gunship landed and confiscated Shapiro's body, film and camera. They have still not been recovered.
Dr. Martin Bauer, Unification Church missionary to the Dominican Republic and later the president of CAUSA in that country, was also shot to death under mysterious circumstances in October 1985. In the struggle against communism more than twelve Unificationists paid the ultimate price in the 1970s and 1980s.
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